Catégorie : lien

Survivre sans atteindre à la vie privée

C’est ce que réussi à faire le moteur de recherche DuckDuckGo.

“A lot of companies could be still pretty profitable if they chose to go this route,” Weinberg says. “They may be a little less profitable. But you know, it’s like—is that extra profit worth all this societal impact and problems? We don’t think so.” Even some ad buyers are questioning whether endless tracking works; a survey by Digiday found that 45 percent of ad execs saw “no significant benefit” from behavioral tracking, and 23 percent found it made revenues decline.

Chaque fois que vous ouvrez DuckDuckGo, vous êtes un étranger pour lui.

Via Sentier.

Le poids des influenceurs antivaccins

12 influenceurs seraient derrière la plupart des fausses nouvelles dénigrant les vaccins.

The report, released in March, noted that “living in full view of the public on the internet are a small group of individuals who do not have relevant medical expertise and have their own pockets to line, who are abusing social media platforms to misrepresent the threat of COVID and spread misinformation about the safety of vaccines.“ Anti-vaccine activists on Facebook, YouTube, Instagram and Twitter reach more than 59 million followers, making these the largest and most important social media platforms for anti-vaxxers,” it added.

Il y a un problème avec le contenu que favorisent les algorithmes.

La tolérance à l’incertitude a une influence sur la polarisation

Selon une étude de l’Université Brown, les gens qui vivent moins bien avec l’incertitude dans leur quotidien ont tendance à avoir des opinions plus polarisantes idéologiquement.

“We found that polarized perception — ideologically warped perceptions of the same reality — was strongest in people with the lowest tolerance for uncertainty in general,” said van Baar, who is now a research associate at Trimbos, the Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction. “This shows that some of the animosity and misunderstanding we see in society is not due to irreconcilable differences in political beliefs, but instead depends on surprising — and potentially solvable — factors such as the uncertainty people experience in daily life.”

En ces temps d’incertitude certaine (si ça se dit), ça expliquerait pourquoi il y a autant de gens crinqués dans l’espace public.

Exxon: notre pollution est votre responsabilité

Des chercheurs de Harvard ont examiné les communications de la pétrolière pour conclure que leurs déclarations rejettent systématiquement le poids de la pollution sur le dos des consommateurs.

new analysis from researchers at Harvard University released Thursday found that the company’s public-facing messaging on climate change since the mid-2000s consistently emphasizes “consumers,” “energy demand” and individual “needs” as the cause of climate change, as well as the avenue for potentially addressing it. Outwardly focusing on consumers’ personal responsibility is one part of the company’s nuanced messaging to deflect the blame for climate change without denying the science behind it, the researchers say.

Oui, chacun doit faire sa part, mais nous n’avons pas tous la même grosseur de part.

Données personnelles, bien public

Nos données personnelles doivent-elles être vues comme un bien public?

But right now, we’re still only thinking about privacy protection in incremental terms, by changing the individual data relationships between consumers and corporations. If we think of privacy as a public good, the scale of solutions we can let ourselves imagine becomes so much bigger. It might feel ludicrous to think about drastic measures like banning inferred data, or data expiry by default, or taxing data as an income, but banning DDT also seemed ludicrous until it wasn’t. Nothing about how technology shows up in our lives is predetermined; these are all policy choices. We cannot afford to keep treating the question of privacy as a narrow technocratic or procedural problem. 

Via Sentier.

Liens les plus populaires de Facebook: beaucoup de médias de droite

Il existe un compte Twitter qui rapporte chaque jours les publications les plus populaires de Facebook. Semble-t-il que le réseau social favorise les publications de la droite populiste.

New York Times columnist Kevin Roose tracks the top-performing link posts on Facebook every day, and every day, they are dominated by one thing. Not sports. Not celebrity gossip. Not straight news. What dominates is right-wing punditry. Today’s list:

  1. Franklin Graham
  2. Ben Shapiro
  3. Ben Shapiro
  4. Dan Bongino
  5. Ben Shapiro
  6. Ben Shapiro
  7. Dan Bongino
  8. The Pioneer Woman – Ree Drummond
  9. Thin Blue Line
  10. Ben Shapiro

Via Daring Fireball.

La sous-utilisation de l’hémisphère droit pourrait mener à notre perte

Très intéressant épisode de l’émission Hidden Brain. Le psychiatre Iain Gilchrist explique que le côté gauche de notre cerveau sert à analyser les détails tandis que la le côté droit a une vue d’ensemble sur le monde. Selon lui, nous vivons dans une société qui voit de moins en moins la « big picture ».

Absolutely the opposite, absolutely the opposite. I love science. Since a child, I was captivated by science. I depend on science in my work, and I depend on scientific discoveries for my life. The argument in my book, as people have pointed out, is sequential, analytical and rational. In fact, people say is quite a left-hemisphere book. And I say, good, I hope I used both my hemispheres in writing this book because if not, it wouldn’t be a very good one. So we need both. And what I feel is that science and reason depend on a balance of these things. There is a distinction to be made between rationality – by which I mean the mindless following out of rationalistic procedures – and what I would call reason – which, since the Renaissance, has been exalted as the mark of a truly educated person, which is to make balanced, informed judgments – but not just informed by data but informed by an understanding in the whole context of a living being belonging to a vibrant society of what this actually means. In other words, judgment – judgment has been taken out of our intellectual world and replaced by something a machine can do. And that may look good to a certain kind of way of thinking, but I think it’s a disaster. The right hemisphere sees the need of the left. That’s in the image of the master and the emissary – the master knowing the need for the emissary, the emissary not knowing the value of the master. And if I may use a quotation from Einstein, I think this gives us the full picture – he said that “the rational mind is a faithful servant. The intuitive mind is a precious gift.” We live in a society that honors the servant but has forgotten the gift.

Arrêtons de tout prendre au premier degré.

Polarisation: Comment parler à l’autre?

C’est ce qui est la base de toute cette polarisation selon moi. L’impossibilité de rejoindre l’autre camp pour discuter. Prêcher à des convertis.

« Il y a un phénomène d’archipélisation, relève Eugénie Bastié. On se retrouve avec beaucoup d’îlots qui communiquent peu. En France, chaque sensibilité idéologique à son vecteur de diffusion : les gens de gauche vont vers le service public et les gens de droite, vers les réseaux privés, les libéraux lisent L’Express, etc. Chacun à son canal et il devient difficile de trouver un espace commun. En plus, chaque camp croit l’autre hégémonique. »

Oui, chaque camp croit l’autre hégémonique. J’entends si souvent: tous les médias sont gauchistes. Aussi souvent que j’entends: tous les médias sont à droite.

La gratuité de Facebook compromise?

Depuis qu’Apple impose l’option d’empêcher le traçage des informations personnelles aux applications sous iOS, Facebook et Instagram disent que de le faire pourrait compromettre la gratuité de leurs services. Ce chroniqueur aurait envie que ce soit le cas:

How much more honest a relationship it might be if Facebook charged for its wares. Facebook would be clear about what sort of business it was. Users would become customers. They’d be buying the product instead of being the product. They’d be in a position to expect service, as opposed to the automated wasteland that is Facebook’s cursory nod to responding to user concerns.

Jeunes de nos jours: pas vraiment de lien entre les problèmes de santé mentale et les réseaux sociaux

Selon une étude de l’université Oxford:

There remains “little association” between technology use and mental-health problems, a study of more than 430,000 10 to 15-year-olds suggests. The Oxford Internet Institute compared TV viewing, social-media and device use with feelings of depression, suicidal tendencies and behavioural problems. It found a small drop in association between depression and social-media use and TV viewing, from 1991 to 2019. There was a small rise in that between emotional issues and social-media use.

Va falloir que je trouve une autre raison pour dire à mes enfants de lâcher leurs téléphones.