Catégorie : lien

Droit à la réparation pour les tracteurs aussi

On s’inquiète depuis quelques années que les produits Apple, entre autres, soient impossibles à réparer soi-même où à modifier. Semble-t-il que ce soit aussi un enjeux chez les fermiers.

The report says for countless generations farmers have been able to independently repair equipment once purchased from manufacturers, but new developments in technology have shifted the status quo to disadvantage farmers. Unable to make repairs themselves, farmers are required to take equipment back to the dealership or associated repair facilities, “leading to delays of hours to weeks.”

“Without the software tools needed to diagnose problems, install replacement parts and authorize repairs, the engagement or failure of any sensor or control system forces a farmer to either haul their machine into the nearest dealership or wait for a field technician to arrive to complete the repair,” the report reads.

Les tracteurs modernes utilisent un logiciel de diagnostic que seule la compagnie possède.

Être influencé par les fausses nouvelles, sans s’en rendre compte

Selon cette étude Française, être exposé à une fausse nouvelle, même si on la sait fausse, peut changer nos comportements inconsciemment.

A lab-based randomized controlled experiment was conducted with 233 undergraduate students to investigate the behavioral effects of fake news. It was found that even short (under 5-min) exposure to fake news was able to significantly modify the unconscious behavior of individuals. This paper provides initial evidence that fake news can be used to covertly modify behavior, it argues that current approaches to mitigating fake news, and disinformation in general, are insufficient to protect social media users from this threat, and it highlights the implications of this for democracy. It raises the need for an urgent cross-sectoral effort to investigate, protect against, and mitigate the risks of covert, widespread and decentralized behavior modification over online social networks.

Would you notice if fake news changed your behavior? An experiment on the unconscious effects of disinformation

Quel effet est-ce que ça a à l’échelle d’une société, ça reste à voir.

Les Canadiens font de moins en moins confiance aux médias

Selon un récent sondage:

Nearly half of those surveyed in Canada believe journalists are purposely trying to mislead them by making statements they know are false or exaggerated; 52 per cent think news outlets are more concerned with supporting an ideology than informing the public; and 52 per cent think the media is not doing well at being objective and non-partisan. That’s better than U.S. and global opinions, where those numbers are close to 60 per cent.

Les politiciens et autres personnalités publiques qui ne cessent de dénigrer les médias y sont sans doute pour quelque chose.

Selon l’article, les gens ont une « hygiène d’information » douteuse. On pourrait croire qu’après plusieurs années d’internet et de réseaux sociaux, les lecteurs soient capable de distinguer le bon grain de l’ivraie, mais ce n’est pas toujours le cas, semble-t-il.

Populisme et désinformation: un modèle d’affaire

Un autre exemple pour nous rappeler que les médias populistes sont dans la business de la désinformation et de l’indignation seulement pour faire du cash: Alex Jones mocks his own fans — and boasts that he can get them to ‘buy anything’: Filmmaker

Filmmaker Caolan Robertson, who was hired by Jones to make a propaganda film called “You Can’t Watch This,” claims that Jones is motivated by a desire to financially exploit Trump supporters and further build his media empire.

In fact, Robertson says Jones once told him off camera that he could get his fans to “buy anything” including “dick pills.”

Ne pensez pas que nos clowns à nous sont différents.

Sook: une inspiration pour le Panier bleu?

Cette extension risque d’être plus efficace que le fameux Panier bleu. Magasinez sur Amazon, achetez local: «if you’re shopping at a big online retailer like Amazon for a product that exists within Sook’s inventory, it’ll automatically pop up with the local alternative.»

Sook hangs at the top right of your browser, waiting to give you suggestions on products available for sale near you. Click on one of the 12 categories (dresses & jumpsuits, kids clothes & toys, home & garden, etc.) and it will float over a series of photos of individual things sorted by price or distance.

This browser extension suggests local alternatives to items on Amazon

Reste à la tester maintenant…

Le modèle d’affaire douteux des fabricants d’imprimantes

Je ne peux plus faire imprimer à partir de mon Mac depuis deux ans parce que le firmware n’a pas été mis à jour pour les dernières versions de MacOS. Je ne peux imprimer qu’à partir de mon iPhone.

Pourtant, les fabricants utilisent leur firmware pour introduire des fonctions empêchant les gens d’utiliser autre chose que leur propres cartouches d’encre.

Printer companies have a peculiar business model. They sell printers — these miracles of modern engineering and technology — for extraordinarily cheap. The reason they can do this is because they make up the money elsewhere: Ink sales. The prices they charge for printer ink are extraordinary. At times, the price-per-ounce has topped Russian caviar or fancy champagnes.

À écouter, cet épisode instructif de Planet Money sur ce modèle d’affaire: Why printers are the worst. Vous comprendrez peut-être pourquoi vous avez souvent envie de pitcher votre imprimante aux bouts de vos bras.

La navigation privée n’est peut-être pas privée

C’est ce qu’on a appris pendant un procès en Californie.

In this case, Google is accused of relying on pieces of its code within websites that use its analytics and advertising services to scrape users’ supposedly private browsing history and send copies of it to Google’s servers. Google makes it seem like private browsing mode gives users more control of their data, Amanda Bonn, a lawyer representing users, told Koh. In reality, “Google is saying there’s basically very little you can do to prevent us from collecting your data, and that’s what you should assume we’re doing,” Bonn said.

Judge in Google case disturbed that ‘incognito’ users are tracked

Google nous dit: J’oublierai ton nom et mon nom, je m’en irai incognito… mais pas vraiment.

Le corps parfait

À quoi ressemblerait l’humain au corps parfait, selon une biologiste de l’évolution?

“Inspired by dogs, cats, cephalopods, fish, swans and chimps, my model has a better heart with more arteries than a human being, lungs that are more efficient, eyes with no blindspots, ears that pick up sound better, legs that are more efficient, and reptilian skin which reacts fast to block damaging ultraviolet rays,”

Le populisme comme carburant des théories du complot

On s’en doutait, mais selon cette étude, le populisme a une influence sur l’adhésion aux théories du complot:

Research examining attitudes and behaviors of Americans during the COVID-19 pandemic has largely focused on partisanship as a lens through which many Americans see the coronavirus. Given the importance of partisan affiliation and the degree of partisan polarization in the American society, that is certainly an important driver of public opinion, and a necessary one to understand. But an overlooked set of predispositions might also shape COVID beliefs and attitudes: populism. It is a worldview that pits average citizens against “the elites” and, importantly in the context of a pandemic, it includes anti-intellectual attitudes such as distrust of experts (including scientists). We find that populism is correlated with conspiracy beliefs about COVID-19, above and beyond partisanship. Furthermore, we find that conservative media consumption tends to be a stronger predictor of conspiracy belief among those high in populism than among those low in populism. We also show that these beliefs have consequences: those who believe the conspiracy theories about COVID-19 are less likely to adapt behaviors recommended by public health officials.

Entre autres, on y révèle que les médias populistes et leur anti-intellectualisme nuisent à l’adhésion aux messages des experts en santé.

Rien de scientifique, mais regarder les liens entre nos médias populistes et les théoriciens du complot sur les réseaux sociaux, tend à confirmer ces affirmations.

Les extrémistes ont de la difficulté à réussir des tâches mentales complexes

Selon une étude de Cambridge:

A key finding was that people with extremist attitudes tended to think about the world in black and white terms, and struggled with complex tasks that required intricate mental steps, said lead author Dr Leor Zmigrod at Cambridge’s department of psychology. “Individuals or brains that struggle to process and plan complex action sequences may be more drawn to extreme ideologies, or authoritarian ideologies that simplify the world,” she said.

Pour découvrir si quelqu’un est susceptible de se radicaliser, donnez-lui un cube Rubik.